How to say these vegetables?

One benefit of traveling in China is the great variety of vegetables you can enjoy there. Apart from the meat, vegetables (shū cài) are essential for Chinese food. There are also a good variety of vegetables in the Netherlands. Do you know how to say them in Chinese? Today we take a look at the most common veges you may find in your local supermarket and also the ones popular in Chinese dishes.

Aardappel/PotatoTomaat/Tomato

Komkommer/Cucumber

Sla/Lettuce

Bleekselderij/Celery

Aubergine/Eggplant

Sperziebonen /Green beans

Snijbonen/String beans

Radijs/Reddish

Asperge/Asparagus

Broccoli/Broccoli

Pompoen/Pumpkin

Zoete aardapel/Sweet potato

Bloemkool/Cauliflower

Mais/Corn

Wortel/Carrot

Paprika/Paprika

Champignon/Mushroom

Courgette/Zucchini

Spitskool/Cabbage

Spinazie/Spinach

Andijve/Endive

Witlof/Belgian endive

Rode kool/Red cabbage

Spruitjes/Brussels sprout

Ui/Onion

Prei/Leek

Bosui/Spring onion

Knoflook/Garlic

Gember/Ginger

土豆西红柿

黄瓜

生菜

芹菜

茄子

四季豆/蛇豆

扁豆

萝卜

芦笋

西兰花

南瓜

红薯

菜花

玉米

胡萝卜

甜椒

蘑菇

西葫芦

洋白菜

菠菜

菊苣

玉兰菜

紫甘蓝

球芽甘蓝

洋葱

韭葱

tǔ dòuxī hóng shi

huáng guā

shēng cài

qín cài

qié zi

sì  jì  dòu

biǎn dòu

luó bo

lú  sǔn

xī lán huā

nán guā

hóng shǔ

cài  huā

yù  mǐ

hú luó bo

tián jiāo

mó gu

xī hú lu

yáng bái cài

bō cài

jú jù

yù lán cài

zǐ gān lán

qiú yá gān lán

yáng cōng

jiǔ cōng

cōng

suàn

jiāng

Apart from these, you should know these Chinese vegetables that are commonly used in any Chinese kitchen:

白菜Chinese kool/Chinese cabbage 大白菜dà  bái   cài

青菜Pak choy/ Small Chinese cabbage  青菜/小白菜   qīng cài/  xiǎo bái cài

芥菜Gai choy/Leaf mustard  芥菜  gài cài

菜心Choy sum/Chinese Flowering Cabbage  菜心  cài xīn

茼蒿Gekroonde ganzenbloem/Crown daisy  茼蒿 tóng hāo

韭菜Chinese bieslook/ Chinese chives or leek or Gau choy  韭菜 jiǔ cài

冬瓜Winter meloen/Winter melon冬瓜  dōng   guā

莲藕Lotus wortel/Lotus root  莲藕  lián ǒu

豇豆  Oogboon/Cowpea  豇豆 jiāng dòu

毛豆  Groene sojaboon/Green soybean  毛豆 máo dòu

金针菇  Naald paddenstoel/Needle mushroom  金针菇 jīn zhēn gū

So our question for you: which is your favorite vegetable? 你最喜欢吃什么蔬菜? nǐ zuì xǐhuān chī shén me shū cài? Share with us below in the comment.

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