对牛弹琴 Play the lute to a cow

duì niú tán qín 对牛弹琴


zài hěn jiǔ hěn jiǔ yǐ qián, yǒu gè zhùmíng de yīnyuèjiā. tā qín tán de fēi cháng hǎo. tā tán de qǔzi yōuměi dòngtīng, hěn duō rén dōu xǐ huān tīng tā tán qín.

在很久很久以前,有个著名音乐家。他弹得非常好。他弹的曲子优美动听,很多人都喜欢听他弹琴

yǒu yì tiān, tā dài zhe qín qù wài biān sàn bù, fēngr qīng qīng de chuī zhe. yì tóu niú zhèng zài cǎo dì shang dī tóu chī cǎo. tā hěn kāi xīn, tū rán xiǎng gěi zhè tóu niú tán yì shǒu gē, tā tán zòu le yì shǒu fēi cháng hǎo tīng de gē qǔ. lǎo niú què méi yǒu fǎn yìng, réng rán dī tóu yì zhí chī cǎo.

有一天,他带着琴去外边散步,风儿轻轻地吹着。一头牛正在草地上低头吃草。他很开心,突然想给这头牛弹一首歌.  他弹奏了一首非常好听的歌曲。老牛却没有反应,仍然低头一直吃草。

zhè ge yīnyuèjiā yòu huàn le yí gè qǔzi, lǎo niú hái shì méi yǒu fǎn yìng, jì xù yōu xián de chī cǎo.

这个音乐家又了一个曲子,老黄牛还是没有反应,继续悠闲地吃草。

yīnyuèjiā ná chū le zì jǐ de quán bù běn lǐng, yòu tán le yì shǒu zì jǐ ná shǒu de qǔ zi. dàn shì nà tóu niú, zhǐ dī zhe tóu bù tíng de chī cǎo, wán quán bù lǐ yīnyuèjiā. zuì hòu, lǎo niú màn màn de zǒu le. tā huàn ge dì fāng qù chī cǎo le.

音乐家拿出了自己的全部本领,又弹了一首自己拿手的曲子。但是那头牛,只低着头不停地吃草,完全不理音乐家。最后,老牛慢慢地走了。它换个地方去吃草了。

yīnyuèjiā  shī wàng jí le. rén men duì tā shuō: “nǐ bú yào shēng qì le! bú shì nǐ tán de qǔ zi bù hǎo tīng, shì niú gēn běn tīng bù dǒng a.”

音乐家失望极了。人们对他说:“你不要生气了!不是你弹的曲子不好听,是牛根本听不懂啊。”

hòu lái rén men yòng  “duì niú dàn qín ”zhè gè chéng yǔ, bǐ yù gěi bù dǒng dào lǐ de rén jiǎng dào lǐ, shì làng fèi shí jiān; rén men yě cháng yòng zhè ge chéng yǔ jī xiào shuō huà bú kàn duì xiàng de rén.

后来人们用 “对牛弹琴”这个成语,比喻给不懂道理的人讲道理,是浪费时间;人们也常用这个成语讥笑说话不看对象的人。

Vocabs:

duì niú tán qín 对牛弹琴: (idiom, literal: play lute to a cow) talk without paying attention to the listener

zhù míng 著名: famous (adj.)

yīn yuè jiā 音乐家: musician (n.)

qín 琴: general term for all stringed instrument

tán qín 弹琴: to play stringed instrument

qǔ zi 曲子: melody, song

yōu měi 优美: beautiful, elegant

dòng tīng 动听: (music) touching, beautiful

sàn bù 散步: to take a walk

dī tóu 低头: to lower one’s head

yì shǒu gē 一首歌: a song (measure word is: 首)

tán zòu 弹奏: to play musical instrument, to perform

gē qǔ 歌曲: song

fǎn yìng 反应: reaction

huàn 换: to change

jì xù 继续: to continue

yōu xián 悠闲: casually, care-freely

běn lǐng 本领: skills, abilities

ná shǒu de 拿手的: someone’s specialty, things/skills that one is good at

bù lǐ 不理: to not pay attention to, to ignore

shī wàng 失望: disappointed

…jí le …极了: extremely…

gēn běn 根本: simply, fundamentally

chéng yǔ 成语: idiom

jiǎng dào lǐ 讲道理: to reason with someone

làng fèi 浪费: to waste

jī xiào 讥笑: to laugh at, to make fun of

duì xiàng 对象: the opposite party, object, target

Show English Translation

Homework:

1. What’s the meaning of “对牛弹琴”?

2. How do you use this Chinese idiom?

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