人生是什么 What’s Life

人生是什么


Jǐ gè xuésheng wèn zhéxuéjiā Sūgélādǐ: “rénshēng shì shénme?”

几个学生问哲学家苏格拉底:  “人生是什么?”

Sūgélādǐ bǎ tāmen dàidàopiàn píngguǒ shùlín, yāoqiú dàjiā cóng shùlín de zhètóu zǒudào nàtóu. měirén tiāoxuǎn yìge zìjǐ rènwéi zuì dà zuì hǎo de píngguǒ. Bùxǔ zǒu huítóulù, bùxǔ xuǎnzé liǎng cì.

苏格拉底把他们带到苹果树林, 要求大家从树林的这头走到那头, 每人挑选一个自己认为最大最好的苹果。 不许回头路,不许选择两次。

zài chuānguò píngguǒlín de guòchéng zhōng, xuéshēngmen rènzhēn de tiāoxuǎn zìjǐ rènwéi zuì hǎo de píngguǒ. děng dàjiā láidào píngguǒlín de lìng yì duān, Sūgélādǐ yǐjīng zài nàli děnghòu tāmen le.

穿过苹果林的过程中, 学生们认真地挑选自己认为最好的苹果。 等大家来到苹果林的另一端,苏格拉底已经在那里等候他们了。

Tā xiàozhe wèn xuéshēng: “nǐmen tiāodào zìjǐ zuì mǎnyì de píngguǒ le ma?

他笑着问学生:“你们挑到自己最满意的苹果了吗?”

Dàjiā dōu méi yǒu huídá.

大家都没有回答。

Sūgélādǐ yòu wèn: “zěnme le, nándào nǐmen duì zìjǐ de xuǎnzé bù mǎnyì?”

苏格拉底又问:“怎么了,难道你们对自己的选择不满意?”

“lǎoshī, ràng wǒmen zài xuǎnzé yí cì bɑ.”

老师,让我们再选择一次吧。”

Yí gè xuéshēng qǐngqiú shuō: “Wǒ gāng zǒujìn shùlín shí, jiù fāxiàn le yí gè hěn dà hěn hǎo de píngguǒ, dàn wǒ hái xiǎng zhǎo yí gè gèng dà gèng hǎo de. Dāng wǒ zǒudào shùlín jìntóu shí, cái fāxiàn dì yī cì kàndào de nàge jiù shì zuì dà zuì hǎo de.”

一个学生请求说:  “我刚走进树林时,就发现了一个很大很好的苹果, 但我还想找一个更大更好的。 当我走到树林尽头时,才发现第一次看到的那个就是最大最好的。”

Lìng yí gè xuéshēng shuō: “Wǒ zǒujìn shùlín bù jiǔ, jiù zhāixià yí gè wǒ rènwéi zuì dà zuì hǎo de píngguǒ. Kěshì, hòulái wǒ yòu fāxiàn le gènghǎode. Suǒyǐ, wǒ yǒu diǎnr hòuhuǐ.”

另一个接着说: “我走进树林不久, 就摘下一个我认为最大最好的苹果, 可是,后来我又发现了更好的。 所以,我有点儿后悔。”

“Lǎoshī, ràng wǒmen zài xuǎnzé yí cì bɑ!” xué shēng men dōu shuō.

“老师,让我们再选择一次吧!” 学生们都说。

Sūgélādǐ xiào le xiào, shuō: “háizimen, zhè jiù shì rénshēng——rénshēng jiùshì yícì wúfǎ chóngfù de xuǎnzé. Miànduì wúfǎ huítóu de rénshēng, wǒmen zhǐ néng zuò sān jiàn shì:

苏格拉底笑了笑,说:  “孩子们,这就是人生—-人生就是一次无法重复的选择。面对无法回头的人生,我们只能做三件事:

Zhèngzhòng de xuǎnzé,zhēngqǔ bù liúxià yíhàn

郑重的选择,争取不留下遗憾

Rúguǒ yíhàn le, jiù lǐzhì de miànduì tā, ránhòu zhēngqǔ gǎibiàn

如果遗憾了,就理智地面对它,然后争取改变

rú guǒ yě bùnéng gǎibiàn, jiù yǒnggǎn de jiēshòu, bú yào hòuhuǐ, jìxù cháo qián zǒu.”

如果也不能改变,就勇敢地接受,不要后悔,继续朝前走。”

Vocabs:

zhé xué jiā 哲学家: philosopher

Sū gé lā dǐ 苏格拉底: Socrates ( 469–399 bc) , ancient Athenian philosopher. As represented in the writings of his disciple Plato, he engaged in dialogue with others in an attempt to reach understanding and ethical concepts by exposing and dispelling error (the Socratic method ).

dài dào 带到 : to bring

piàn 片: piece; measure word for leaves, woods, or bread, etc.

shù lín 树林: woods

zhè tóu 这头:this end

nà tóu 那头: that end

tiāo xuǎn 挑选: to pick out; to select;

bù xǔ 不许: not allow; to forbid;

huí tóu lù 回头路: the road back to one’s former position;the road of retrogression

xuǎn zé 选择:to choose

chuān guò 穿过:to go through; to pass through

guò chéng 过程: process

rèn zhēn 认真:careful

lìng 另:another; other

duān 端: end; fringe

děng hòu 等候: to wait

mǎn yì 满意: to satisfy; satisfied; satisfactory

qǐng qiú 请求:to make request; to beg

fā xiàn 发现: to find out

jìn tóu 尽头: the end of the road

jiē zhe 接着: to continue

qià hǎo 恰好: just right; exactly right; as luck would have it

zhāi xià 摘下: to pick off; to pluck

hòu lái 后来: later

hòu huǐ 后悔: to regret

qí tā 其他: other

wú fǎ 无法: unable; incapable; more than someone. can

chóng fù 重复: repeat; duplicate; reduplicate

miàn duì 面对:in the face of; confront

zhèng zhòng 郑重:serious; solemn; earnest

zhēng qǔ 争取:to strive for;to fight for; to endeavor to; to win over

liú xià 留下:to leave; to keep; to stay;to remain

yí hàn 遗憾: regret; pity

rú guǒ……jiù 如果……就: if …, then…

lǐ zhì 理智: intellect ; reason

gǎi biàn 改变: to change; to alter; to transform; to turn; to convert; to mold; to modify

yǒng gǎn 勇敢: brave

jì xù 继续: continue; go on (with); keep on; proceed

cháo 朝: towards

Show English Translation

Homework:

  1. 什么是人生? 你的理解是什么?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *